to prepare an ox tongue en croute (1)

The first two recipes in Book V of the Opera are for the preparation of tongue as a pie. It’s not the dish most of us would expect to start a book on pies with, but it makes a lot of sense in context.

Cattle provide many pounds of meat, but the tongue, which is rich, tender, and profoundly beefy in flavor, is only two to four pounds of service quality food. It is considered a luxury meat in many cuisines, though it does present challenges to the preparation,

Tongue must be skinned before service. It also must be trimmed carefully, If you do not know how to do this, look for a video to guide you, or ask for assistance the first time.

It also has a reputation for being “creepy meat”, for looking too much like what it is. This alone makes pie a thoughtful presentation; even if the diners know what they are getting, they do not have to confront it visually in a way they might otherwise find challenging.

These two recipes specify ox, working cattle, but also permit cow or buffalo cow using the same instructions. The recipes are somewhat mix and match, or perhaps more, choose your own adventure. Direction is given for whole or sliced, cooked or raw (scalded), pickled (raw) or plain, and salted/pressed or not.

I opted to scald, slice, pickle, not press, then place in pastry and bake.

The tongue I had in the freezer came improperly trimmed, so I spend about two hours cleaning it. I was displeased. Skinning also took rather longer than intended. I should have allowed it to sit in the poaching water longer, but did not want to negatively affect the pickling process.

I then sliced the meat into slices which I now feel to have been too thick for the most pleasing pie, though at the end it worked out.

The pickling vinegar was very pleasing, and added a lovely layer of flavor. The instructions specified 8 hours, but it was in the brine for 12 hours. Due to the thickness of my slices, it was not problematic.

After the meat was removed from the brine, I built a crust. The book gives a lot of suggestions about what kinds of crusts to use, how to prepare them, what seasons and conditions are appropriate for what crusts, but it doesn’t give the kind of directions that I, a non-baker, can easily extrapolate into the required product.

The directions specifically state “make up a dough with unsalted cold water” which to me implies that there is such a thing in this repertoire as warm water dough, as I am accustomed to using for coffyns. The instructions go on to explain how to knead it, when to apply fat, and that the dough will work best if it remains cold.

Instructions called for sifting the flour well to remove bran. I did use a locally milled soft wheat flour, and did sift it. For every cup of sieved flour, I had a cup of bran left behind.

The book specified a free-form pie rather than one fitted to a pie pan, but frankly I was unwilling to risk the floor of my oven. I had little trust in my crust, and expected odd behaviour from the meat. I used a pie pan. My crust was too small, so I was forced to create a false wall with aluminum foil. Unfortunately, my crust was a miserable failure. Though tasty, it was by no means a good case to contain the dish. I will try a completely different approach to the crust next time.

I removed the meat from the pickling seasonings and drained it, but did not blot.

After laying the meat into the base of the crust, placing on a lovely layer of salt fat, seasoning and closing the crust, I baked it in a 400* oven, as the book said to bake it at a temperature suitable for bread. I used my nose to tell me when it was done, and was pretty on the ball with that. Unfortunately, the temperature was too high for the melting point of the fat in the meat, and did some damage.

After being quite sad to see how poorly the dish turned out, we took everthing apart after it had cooled completely, chopped it into small pieces, and sauteed it. It was absolutely delicious. My guest was concerned by the concept of eating tongue, but expressed delight in the dish. Gingerbrede made an excellent dessert.

Recipe and sub recipes;

1 whole beef tongue, prepared

Pickle brine (below)

Spice blend (below)

1 oz prosciutto trim (ask your deli for an end, if possible)

1 sturdy pasty (not pastry) crust

Spice blend:

1 tsp salt

1 tsp pepper

1/4 tsp cloves

1/4 tsp cinnamon

1/8 tsp ginger

1/8 tsp nutmeg

(double the salt and pepper, quadruple the rest, if you prefer not to pickle)


Pickle brine

1/2 cup red wine vinegar (thin a little with water if it is very sharp)

1/2 cup white wine (I used a moscato)

1 tsp dried oregano

1/2 TBS salt

1/4 TBS pepper

2 cloves garlic, crushed well. (use the salt as an abrasive to help break the cloves well)

2 TBS mustum ( I did not use this, as I am running out)


poach or parcook meat ( I should have poached longer)

skin and trim meat

slice into service escalopes (I should have sliced much thinner)

pickle if desired

prepare crust

season meat

dress with fat or prosciutto (proscuitto tasted better)

seal crust, make vent

bake at 350*

oil crust on removal from oven, or wash with saffron water, but do not egg wash.

Do a better job than I did, please. When I get it right I will post this recipe again.


(NOTE: There are no photographs or beauty shots of this dish because it is not attractive to look at. I did photograph the entire process, so if you need reference images please do not hesitate to contact me.)

p 435


I took without using any sauce a tuna fish, an exceedingly fine specimen, poured plenty of olive oil over it, wrapped it like a baby in fig leaves, sprinkled it with marjoram and buried it like a firebrand in hot ashes”
Attributed to Athenaeus, the Partying Professors

(part of an ongoing series in which I share recipes presented at The Lay of El Cid hosted by Barony Bhakail)

Though this instruction asked for a whole, beautiful Mediterranean tuna cooked whole, I was not in a position to do so. I was not serving the fish as a centerpiece to an intimate dinner party which reveres fish, but a tasting menu to a group as a side to other activities. In light of budget and anticipation of a small group of people who would appreciate the dish, I wanted to use a delicate morsel which would carry the flavors well. I opted for boquerones, a small white herring already skinned and boned, and packed in olive oil. They were very easy to work with and held flavors well.

16 oz fresh or frozen (not thawed)
tuna, mackerel, herring, or other available rich fish cut into one ounce or four ounce portions, depending on your needs.
Vine leaves, jarred.
4 oz olive oil
¼ tsp marjoram, dried

Remove some vine leaves from the jar, place in a bowl of water while trimming fish. Discard rinsing water after use.
Cut fish into desired portions, skinless and boneless.
Toss in bowl with olive oil, marjoram, and salt.
Wrap completely in vine leaves, much like an envelope.
Place on parchment lined baking sheets
Store in cold space until ready to go..
Bake in preheated oven for 10-15 minutes for raw fish, checking often as ovens are fickle.

If you are using a prepared fish such as bouquerones, you might blister them, with a torch instead, as they need only to have some char for flavor.
Serves 4 as a main course or 8 as an appetiser.







Grant, Mark. Roman Cookery. London: Serif Cookery, 1999. 130. Print.

scappi beef (19)

Beef is our luxury meat. We have it infrequently, we lament it’s scarcity, and we plan carefully for meals which include it. We were discussing what to do with a bit of beef, and settled on pot roast.

It was amusing to go to my copy of Scappi’s Opera, and find a place marker hidden on the page for the very dish we were considering, as I had no other markers in the book, and no memory of having placed this one.


Recipe 11, To Stew a Loin of Beef in an Oven or to Braise it

(not putting the copyrighted translation here, as the book is readily available)

The recipe specifies that the meat should be from grown cattle, rather than veal, but not an old, tough one. It also specifies hanging the beef til tender, that it not be so fresh it is tough. Then, it gets very specific that the cook use what we now know as Filet Mignon. I am not one to braise a Filet Mignon, quite honestly. I have a blade steak, which is a lean chuck cut. It’s not tender, it’s not marbled, but it’s what we have, and the dish is braised, so off we go.

I am very much at a disadvantage here for a few reasons. The original Italian is not included, which is unusual for this translator. I do not understand Italian, and some of the translation does not seem to make total sense to me. For instance, the translator posits malmsey as the wine to use for the marinade, but modernly, Malmsey is a Madeira type rather than the Malvasia varietal the term comes from. Knowing that what is sold as Malmsey is not what was historically used, I chose a simple Muscat.

The instruction to choose either coriander or fennel flour is also given. I do not know whether it specifies the coriander plant or seed, and I do not know whether it means for “flour” or “flower;” Fennel Flower is Nigella Sativa, which is often used as a coriander seed analog. Fennel Flour is the name used in modern Italian for  Fior di finnochio, fennel pollen, which has a spicy peppery taste. I have fennel pollen in stock, and chose it for those reasons.

An adaptation I must make is to blend rosewater with a simple vinegar, as I do not have and cannot get rose vinegar.

4 lbs beef suitable for braising. I used chuck, the recipe specifies filet.

Place meat in a vessel appropriate for overnight marination, such as an oven bag.

1 tsp ground Black Pepper

2 TBS Salt

1 tsp Cinnamon

1 tsp Ginger

1 tsp Cloves

1 tsp Coriander *or*  1/2 tsp fennel flour. I used 1/2 tsp fennel pollen.

Blend the dry spices together, and sprinkle the surface of the meat evenly.


1/4 c “malmsey” (not madeira type) or Greek wine (x2)

1 Tbs must syrup (x2)

1 tsp rose water (x2)

1 Tbs simple wine vinegar (x2)

Blend wet ingredients, and then measure out another set and blend them in a separate vessel for service.

Add wet ingredients together, sniff carefully and add rosewater very judiciously. Some brands are far more intense than others. You want a change in the scent, but not a detectable rose scent. Modern palates tend to perceive the scent of roses as a soap ingredient.

Marinate for several house or overnight in the fridge.

Braise the meat. I use a pressure cooker when I can, with minimal added water. The instructions instruct to add fresh or dried prunes and visciola sour cherries about halfway through cooking. As I am using a pressure cooker, I cannot open it partway through cooking. Since I allow the meat to rest overnight in the fridge before service, I add the fruit during the reheating phase.

For larger cuts of beef, I use a crockpot and check liquid levels hourly.

I slice the meat while cold,

Place the cold sliced meat in a pot with a tight fitting lid and drizzle the reserved second set of wet ingredients overall. Add some of the braising liquid, place the lid on, and reheat the meat.  I served it with a rutabaga dish, though it would go very well with an apple dish or something with horseradish as a main flavoring easily. It’s very versatile.

When preparing for service do try to slice across the grain as best you can. This allows the meat to absorb sauces or braising liquid most easily, and lends to the enjoyment of the dish.


This recipe is within a series of several similar beef recipes, some roasted, some braised. Some call for wrapping in prosciutto, others in rosemary. I use sage rather than rosemary due to an allergy in the house.

I do not spend enough time with Scappi’s Opera. To be frank, it is quite daunting. Not only is it physically very large, it is also organised in a manner I find uncomfortable to navigate.

It has a huge number of recipes and variants, however, as well as notes and instructions, guidance and systems for cooks and kitchen managers. It’s both deep and broad.

There are some concerns with the translation available in print in English, as researched and presented by Terence Scully.  Please see  which discusses these concerns at length should you decide to delve into this book.

Herbed Feta Cheese
Pickled Cheese
Tyros eis Halmen

(part of an ongoing series in which I share recipes presented at The Lay of El Cid hosted by Barony Bhakail)
“Cheese keeps after being washed in fresh water and dried in the sun, then
put in an earthenware jar together with savory or thyme, each cheese
separated from the other according to it strength, with the addition of sweet
wine vinegar or a mixture of vinegar and honey, until the liquid rises above
the cheese and herbs. Some people preserve the cheese by putting it in sea
4 oz feta cheese
1/2 oz dried thyme or savory
2 fluid oz red wine vinegar
1/2 ounce honey
Cube cheese into morsels.
Lay in narrow, deep container, dusting each layer with herbs.
Pour in vinegar, being certain to avoid air pockets.
Add honey, drizzling over the surface.
Be certain to cover completely with vinegar.
dilute with water, if needed, to cover and/or to blend flavor.
Place plastic wrap over top, touching the surface to avoid air contact.
Marinate in fridge overnight or longer, according to tastes.
Serves four as part of a cheese platter.
Grant, Mark. Roman Cookery. London: Serif Cookery, 1999. 77. Print.

a sunset at sea in middling weather



NOTE! There are two recipes on this page.

It’s BUSTER Season! The lobsters are busting out of their old shells and developing new ones, which is both a fascinating process and the time of year when they are least expensive where I live.
Some people prefer to purchase hardshell lobster, the ones still in their old shells. The firmer meat makes this a wise choice, but I chose softshells, those already moulted, for their more tender meat and low price. Softshells are only found near the fisheries, and only for a couple of weeks of the year.
I will not go into details of processing here, as I know some find it upsetting. I will only say that I respect my dinner, and am merciful.


This is an excerpt from Ouverture de Cuisine
(France, 1604 – Daniel Myers, trans.)

Stuffed Lobster or Crab.

Take lobster or crab, & make them boil like little lobsters, then take all the meat out, without breaking at all the shells thereon, then chop all the meat, & put therein chopped marjoram, nutmeg & pepper, three or four egg yolks, & fry all in butter, & put them back into the shell thereon, & all the little legs fried in butter, & put together.

a lobster on a cutting board, with assembled ingredients. Several egg yolks

For the first recipe, I first poached the lobster in wine with black pepper and considerable salt, then cautiously picked all of the meat that I could.
I blended this with the seasonings, sauteed the mixture together, and then stuffed the body.

all ingredients in a skillet, with a quarter pound of butter.
There was nowhere near enough meat to stuff the body properly, so I know I am missing some greater understanding of the dish.
I could have
stuffed the tails alone, but this would not have made a beautiful illusion food.
used the claw meat, but this would have spoiled the visual appearance of the service.
Stuffed the body and left the tail empty, but again, the service would have suffered
Used more stuffing ingredients and left the tail in place, stuffing only the body. This was the least appealing, as there is so little meat that is not in the tail or claws. ( I did pick carefully, but there still is’t enough to make a cup or so of filling)
My clue was the instruction to fry the legs in butter and use them as well. This implied that not only am I to use the accessible meat, but also to reassemble the dish as an illusion in some way.
I do trust my instinct to use Atlantic lobster rather than Mediterranean, but my choice to use softshells with less meat appears to have been a tactical error.
I served the stuffing as a delicate pate. It made a very rich and unctuous dish, with lobster meat, the rich ingredients from the body, butter, and egg yolks, seasoned with fresh marjoram, pepper, and nutmeg.
I would not attempt this for more than four people, even if I had all of the free lobsters in the world. It is so delicate that more than a moment from stove to table would ruin it.
The same Lobster or Crab in pottage.

Take all of the raw meat out, & cut into little pieces, & put to stew with white wine, fresh butter, ground nutmeg, a little pepper, chopped mint, or fresh citron cut into slices, & make it stew well, that it will be fat with butter, & put it when well cooked into little reumers, & serve so five or six to a plate.

I made the other dish at the same time. This one was both a great challenge and a wonderful reward.
I have not often picked meat from a raw lobster. It’s rather difficult, as the flesh is so delicate.
Again, choosing softshells worked against me.
After assembling the simmering ingredients and putting them together in the pot, I added the finely chopped flesh. I chose to use lemon rather than mint, as mint made no sense to my palate and I was not going to risk failure with such a delicate dish.
I served it in a ramekin with the broth and sippets. We both agreed that it was very like some of the better preparations of Shrimp Scampi we have had, but for the lack of garlic. It was both very familiar and slightly alien.
This dish would work very well with shrimp, monkfish, or even chicken breast as a rich delicacy.

a small ceramic ramekin filled to the top with broth and meat, sitting on a counter

Zomos; a Pottage
the Heidelberg Papyrus

(part of an ongoing series in which I share recipes presented at The Lay of El Cid hosted by Barony Bhakail)
Put wheat groats, coriander, leeks, onion, dill, basil, and a little aniseed into a
mortar. Boil on the stove and moisten with water, wine, garum, and wine
vinegar all mixed together. When it has boiled and you are about to take it off
the heat, sprinkle on some ground pepper.
1 cup rice
2 cups water
1/2 oz coriander
1 oz leek, white part, trimmed and soaked.
3 oz onion, diced
1 tsp dried dill
1 oz basil, fresh, chiffonade, or 1 tsp dried
1/4 tsp aniseed, crushed
1/4 cup red wine
1/4 cup red wine vinegar
1 tsp salt
reserve 1/2 tsp black pepper, ground
Crush items together,
Place in pot with tight fitting lid according to your preference.
Poach in water with red wine, wine vinegar.
When done cooking, add pepper.
This recipe has been adapted for gluten, the original calls for wheat groats.
The translator suggests presenting this as a sauce with butter beans (oop),
rather than as pottage.

I would like to discuss your thoughts on this dish, both as presented

in Grant’s book and my presentation of it, in comments.
Grant, Mark. Roman Cookery. London: Serif Cookery, 1999. 131. Print.

Minutal of Apricots

Apicius contains a number of dishes labeled as Minutal.
These dishes are all hashes of one form or another, whether they are vegetable, seafood, or meat. They also all finish with a “tracta”, a disc of prepared semolina, crumbled in to thicken the sauce for presentation.

Sometimes you have to work with what is in the pantry. In this case, it was what was in the yard. Though the instructions specifically called for dried onions and mint, and fresh apricots, I have it the other way round.

This dish is considered a “compound” dish, a dish of several elements. It is a sweet and sour pan casserole of meat, onions, fruit, and sauce.

The first instructions call for a cooked shoulder of pork. I don’t have a shoulder, I have ribs. I poached them with seasonings chosen to work well with the Minutal, by placing wine, pepper, dill, onion, and a little fish sauce in a pot, putting the meat in, and adding water. I then raised the temperature to a boil, slapped a lid on the pot, and turned off the heat. When the pot cooled, I put it away in the fridge overnight.

When it was time to make the dish, I had a little problem. I have fresh onions, fresh dill, fresh mint, but I do not have fresh apricots.

The instructions call for dried “Ascalonian” onions. That’s a scallion, a green onion. I think that means I have to dry some scallions this week, toward the future.

The apricots I have are dried minced apricots, which will cook up quickly and help thicken the dish, rather than juicy ripe apricots which will add some tang and a lot of juice. That’s a little sad. At least they have no sulfites or sweeteners. If those were all I could find, I would use slightly under-ripe peaches or make a different dish completely.

Adicies in caccabo oleum liquamen uinum; concides cepam ascaloniam aridam, spatulam porcinam coctam tessellatim concides. his omnibus coctis teres piper cuminum mentam siccam anetum, suffundis mel liquamen passum acetum modice, ius de suo sibi; temperabis;. Praecoqua enucleata mittis, facies ut ferueant, donec percoquantur. tractam confringes, ex ea obligas, piper aspargis et inferes.

Put oil, liquamen and wine in a pan.
Add dried scallions and already cooked, cubed pork.
Cook together.
Add seasonings and liquids, taste.
When seasonings are correct, add apricots
and simmer until they are cooked.
Crumble in a tracta, cook til thickened. Serve.

What I did is not what I would do with an ideal pantry.

assembled ingredients arrayed

2 TBS olive oil
1 TBS fish sauce
4 oz onion, diced, or scallions, or optimally, dried scallions.
16 oz pork (or turkey thigh), poached til fully cooked, cooled and diced

½ tsp pepper, ground
1 tsp cumin
1 sprig or 1 tsp mint
1 sprig or ½ tsp dill
1 TBS honey
1 TBS raisin wine or must syrup
up to ¼ c fish sauce (be wary of oversalting the dish)
up to ¼ c wine vinegar (if you are using a sweet wine, balsamic would work here to sub in for the syrupy quality the passum would have provided)
Up to a cup of wine. I had a local white, but would suggest a red, such as a Chianti.
6 fresh apricots or 2 oz of dried unsulphited unsweetened apricots.

Turn on the heat, warm the pan, and when you add the oil, also add the fish sauce and a splash of the wine.
When it is warm, add first the onions, then the diced meat. Warm it through.

onions and precooked meat  in the pan

Place the seasonings in the pan, stir to try to distribute them more evenly.
Add the honey, melt it in to the pan, then add the passum (or balsamic,) wine, vinegar (unless using balsamic) and blend together. Add half of the fish sauce, then taste for salt. Add the rest to your taste.
Place your fresh apricots in the pan, or fold in the dried ones so they are covered by liquid and can rehydrate in the sauce.
Watch the pot carefully, the fresh ones will make a wetter dish, the dry apricots may absorb too much liquid and encourage burning. Be prepared to add a little more wine to the dish so it does not burn.

before adding the apricots and thickener, the dish is dark brown and has a lot of broth

When the apricots are fully cooked, add thickener, to the dish, allow it to cook through, and serve.

We both thought of this dish as an interesting analog to pulled pork BBQ. The flavors are different, but the notes and elements of well cooked meat that “pulls”, a rich thick sweet tangy sauce, and deep notes of earthiness combine to make a very pleasing summer or winter dish.

I have made this since with fresh apricots. The difference is, as expected, most notable in the tartness and in the liquidity. The fresh fruit did affect the tenderness of the meat as well.

the finished food in two different bowls. There is a sheen on the food from rice flour

Should you choose to use turkey thigh, I strongly suggest skin off, bone on, and low temperature so as not to toughen the dish.
We had it with bread and a salad, but did not need the bread. We planned to use the leftovers for lunch the next day but they did not last long enough.

Confits; Candied walnuts

(part of an ongoing series in which I share recipes presented at The Lay of El Cid hosted by Barony Bhakail)
If you want to make candied walnuts, make a cut at every part, that is, on each
side and at both ends. After that, soak them nine days and nine nights, and
every day change with cold water. Then scald them with a pot of boiling water,
and leave it a day and a night.
For two hundred fifty walnuts, take three pounds of honey and a pitcher of
water, and cook it enough so it becomes half a pitcher.
Then take them from the pot and put them in a basket to drain well for a whole
night, and then spread them out on a screen and put them on their ends; and
they should stay the whole night.
After that, take thirteen pounds of honey and the walnuts said above, and take
the honey and put it on the fire. When it boils skim it well, and put in the nuts,
and cook it so that the honey is sticky enough.
After that, take them out of the honey and a clove on one end, and on the other
end a pistachio nut, and on the sides a clove of ginger and a pine nut. Do all
of this with every walnut.
Put them in a sauce dish, and pour hot honey over them so they are well
8 oz walnuts
8 oz honey
4 oz water
1/4 tsp dried ginger
1/4 tsp ground cloves
2 oz pine nuts
2 oz pistachios
Place nuts in pot. Cover with water, rinse until water clears. Simmer in water
until soft and water discolors. Discard water.
Place nuts evenly on parchment paper, place in medium oven (300) and gently
dry without cooking nuts. Place honey and measured water in pot. Simmer
until reduced by half (use a spatula to gauge depth visually)
When the honey has reduced, fold in the cooked walnuts. When the nuts are
evenly coated, turn off the heat, add the pistachios and pine nuts. Fold in the
spices, then put the nuts into the storage jar. Cover them with the honey from
the pot.
NOTE This recipe relies on the salt of the pistachios for it’s seasoning. If you
have unsalted pistachios, you may wish to use a teaspoon of salt, applied to the
walnuts after boiling, before drying.
Santanach, Joan, trans. Robin Vozelgang. The Book of Sent Sovi Medieval Recipes from
Catalonia. First Edition. Barcelona, Spain: Barcino-Tamesis, 2008. 164-165. Print.

The final dish, heavy on the chicken, light on the vegetables.

Bukkenade is a great leftovers dish. I love leftovers dishes. Not everything needs to be a lot of fuss.

 Bukkenade. Take hennes or connynges or veel or othere flessh & hewe hem to gobettes. Waische it and sethe hit well. Grynde almaundes vnblaunched, and drawe hem vp with the broth; cast therinne raysouns of couraunce, sugur, powdour gynger, erbes ystewed in grees, oynouns and salt. If it is to thynne, alye it vp with flour of ryse or with other thyng, and colour it with safroun.

I made this dish using things on hand, though the greens were not leftover.

My garden gave me Rutabaga tops, Hyssop, Salad Burnet, Lovage, and Sage, as well as a few decently large Spring Onions.

herbed piled on a board waiting to be chopped.


I sliced it all to chiffonade, and fried it with salt in chicken fat from the broth.

the board, the knife, the herbs ready to fry

Herbs ready to fry, sliced finely. I did not use all of the onion top

2 cups Leftover chicken, picked over, cubed.
1 c herbs and vegetables
1 Tbs chicken fat or olive oil
1 1/2 c Almond milk
1/2 c Chicken broth, if the almond milk was not made with it
1/4 c Currants
1 tsp sugar
1/4 tsp powdered ginger
1/2 c total fried greens (subrecipe)
1/2 tsp salt in total, no matter which step it came in from.
1 tsp rice flour, muddled in cold water, held aside.
1 pinch saffron, in water, if you wish, held aside

One small pot
One medium pan
1 knife, board
1 spatula
1 ladle

Rinse herbs and vegetables, slice them very finely.
Add to the pan with the oil, sautee until done.
Add the chicken, warm through.

In pot, place almond milk, and if not made with chicken originally, add broth.
Add currants, ginger, and sugar.


almond milk with currants and ginger

Almond milk with currants and ginger

When almond mixture is warm, add to the chicken mixture. Simmer until almond milk begins to thicken. Taste for salt. Add if needed.
Add saffron if you wish, it is just for color.

Chicken, vegetables, and almond milk together in the pan, beginning to cook together

Chicken, vegetables, and almond milk together in the pan, beginning to cook together

If you wish, add the rice slurry, and simmer for a further 5 minutes to allow the starch to cook.

Adding rice flour slurry to thicken. Otherwise fully cooked.

Adding rice flour slurry to thicken. Otherwise fully cooked.



The sauce isn’t gloppy, it’s light, creamy, and nice. You might like more ginger, I am not a fan so I have a light hand with it.


This dish could easily be adapted to a Vegetables with Chicken dish by changing the proportions and types of vegetables.

Bukkenade can also be made into  a group service dish by layering the greens with chicken, pouring the sauce over, and baking, much like a spinach souffle.

It could also be adapted to a Vegetables with Chicken dish by changing proportions.

I have been asked to make this dish again.



Hieatt, C. B. (1985). Curye on Inglysch: English culinary manuscripts of the 14. century : (including the Forme of Cury). London [u.a.: Oxford Univ. Press.

Olives with Herbs

(part of an ongoing series in which I share recipes presented at The Lay of El Cid hosted by Barony Bhakail)
Epityrum Varium
Epityrum album nigrum variumque sic facito. Ex oleis albis nigris variisque
nuculeos eicito. Sic condito. Concidito ipsas, addito oleum, acetum,
coriandrum, cuminum, feniculum, rutam, mentam. In orculam condito, oleum
supra siet. Ita utito.
Olives with Herbs
You should make an epityrum of varied green, black, and speckled olives like
Press out the stones from green, black, and speckled olives. Season as follows.
Chop the olives, add olive oil, vinegar, coriander, cumin, fennel, rue, mint. Put
in an earthenware vessel. There should be olive oil on top. Serve like this.

4 oz of mixed olives, stoned and coarsely chopped.
1 Tbs red wine vinegar
1 sprig fresh coriander, chiffonade
1/8 tsp cumin (about 5 seeds) crushed or powdered
1 Tbs shaved fennel root, or 4 fennel seeds, crushed or powdered
6 leaves rue or 1 sprig parsley
3 leaves mint
1/4 cup excellent olive oil
Blend the seasonings together, cover with olive oil. Allow to stand for several
hours at cool room temperature, or overnight in the fridge.
Serves four
*if you choose to use rue for personal use, 6 small fresh leaves is a good
amount. Otherwise, a sprig of parsley would be suitable.

Attributed to Cato’s “On Agriculture”.

Grant, Mark. Roman Cookery. London: Serif
Cookery, 1999. 75. Print.